Contrast Nouns and Pronouns
1. Case forms for nouns are alike.
a) The girl in the class gave the girl in the locker room her lipstick. (The girl’s lipstick)
Nominative pronoun - I, you, he, she, it.
Singular object - me, you, him, her, it.
Possessive - my, mine, your, yours, his, hers, its.
Nominative (subject of the verb, predicate nominative).
Subject of verb (She and I, me, have an appointment).
Predicate nouns that follow a linking verb (not action verb) remains the subject.
The pattern will be Noun – Linking Verb – Verb.
a) He is my friend.
Predicate Nominative – comes after a linking verb, ie; some form of the verb (to be) – that is (he, him) – he is (to be). That must have been (she, her). A predicate nominative means the same thing as the noun or pronoun to which it refers.
Plural forms and nouns are used:
a) By adding only “ans.”
b) By adding “es.”
c) By adding “ies” after removing they.
d) By adding “es” to a noun that ends in “o.”
e) By adding “ves” after removing the “f.”
f) By changing the internal spelling.
g) By adding “es” to singular form.
- Some nouns remain the same in plural form.
- Some nouns have secondary plural.
- Some nouns have no plural form or meaning.
- Most hyphenated compound nouns add “s” to the first word.